In-vitro Fertilization (IVF): Begins with a process of introducing hormones into the body via injections. This is used to produce multiple eggs each month instead only the usual, single egg. An ultrasound is used to determine when the woman is ready and then the ovum is retrieved.
Before retrieval procedures begin, medications are given to help ripen the developing eggs and stimulate the ovulation process to start. Time is of the essence with retrieval. They must be obtained before emerging from the follicles in the ovaries. If taken out at the improper time then development is halted and the eggs become useless. The reproductive endocrinology is aware and makes the appropriate accommodations to remove the eggs at the correct stage.
During the retrieval the doctor locates the follicles with an ultrasound device and harvests the eggs through a hollow needle. The whole procedure takes anywhere from 30-60 minutes. Immediately after the doctor gets the eggs they will be combined with their partners semen in the laboratory. Fertilized eggs at kept at the lab for observation to be sure they are developing properly and healthy. After the eggs are ready, usually taking up to 5 days after the insemination in the lab when they have reached the advanced stage of development known as the blastocyst stage, they are ready for transfer.
When the embryos are ready the doctor can then transfer several of them into the uterus. This is quick and easy. Much less of a hassle than the egg retrieval. Following the appointment with the transfer it is usually recommended the patient return home and stay on bed rest for 6-8 hours and return to the physician’s office in about two weeks for a pregnancy test.